Cervical Myomas

Author: James Pendergraft

Cervical myomas are non-cancerous tumors in the cervix or lower part of the uterus. Myomas are tumors made of muscle tissue. Often, cervical myomas are also seen with myomas in the upper part of the uterus also called fibroids. Myomas have many sizes; the large ones may be seen protruding into the vagina. Large myomas that protrude are called prolapsed myoma. There is always a possibility that myomas may become infected. They may be the cause of bleeding. Myomas also can block the passage of urine.

The Underlying Cause of Myoma

According to experts, the cause of myoma is estrogen dominance or too much quantity of estrogen in the body compared to the quantity of progesterone. Estrogen causes the proliferation of body cells. In contrast, progesterone slows down body cells; it prevents them from reproducing.

The Symptoms of Cervical Myoma

Some cases of cervical myomas are asymptomatic. Most cases, especially those dealing with large myomas, cause symptoms.  

One of the most common symptoms of cervical myoma is bleeding. Bleeding can be either mild or heavy. The heavy type of bleeding caused by cervical myoma may result in anemia.
A feeling of fatigue and physical weakness may also be experienced by women suffering from cervical myoma.
Women with this illness may also experience pain during sexual intercourse.
Another symptom of cervical myoma is when a woman feels heaviness and swelling in the abdomen.
Those who suffer from cervical myoma may also have difficulty urinating because the growth obstructs urine flow. Cervical myomas may cause urinary tract infections.

How a Cervical Myoma is Diagnosed

When one feels the above symptoms, she should go to a gynecologist. The doctor identifies the myoma during physical examination, in particular, pelvic inspection. Prolapsed myomas are easily seen. Doctors may also feel myomas when they check the cervix with one hand while the other hand is placed on top of the abdomen.

One reliable method that doctors use in diagnosing cervical myoma is by obtaining an image of the cervix and uterus through an ultrasound device inserted into the area, a procedure called transvaginal ultrasonography. In the process, it is also detected whether or not the myoma causes obstruction of the urine flow.  

In order to address the problem of anemia, blood tests are undertaken to determine whether or not there may be cervical cancer, a certain test called Papanicolaou or Pap test is usually done.

The Treatment of Cervical Myoma

If the size of the myoma is small it usually does not cause symptoms. If this is the case, no treatment may be necessary. However, if the cervical myoma is big, it causes discomfort and even complications. In this case, the cervical myoma is surgically taken out. The procedure of removing cervical myoma is called myomectomy. Sometimes, only the myoma is removed. In this case, the patient may still become pregnant.  In cases dealing with bigger myomas, the entire uterus is removed in a process called hysterectomy. Unfortunately, women who have undergone hysterectomy can no longer have children.

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About the Author

Abortion Clinic Orlando. Dr. James S. Pendergraft opened the Abortion Pill Ft. Lauderdale in March 1996 to provide a full range of health care for women, including abortion clinics in orlando, physical examinations, family planning, counseling, laboratory services and sexually transmitted disease screening and counseling.


  1. ♥hope2bmommy♥
      June 9, 2011

    myoma …….?
    has anyone had this before just wanted to see what the symptoms are? and what kind of test do they run? are they painful? i know alot of questions sorry i don’t know if i have it but wanted to get tested for it thanks for all your info only serious answers please

    • Andrea E
        June 18, 2011

      I have two uterine myomas. I had constant dull pain around my lower abdomen. It wasn’t a bad pain. I really didn’t think much of it.

      I went in for my early exam and the ob/gyn said she felt something. I had an ultrasound done and they confirmed I have two.

      They aren’t painful for me. If they don’t go away on their own by the time I am ready to have kids. I might have to have surgery.

  2. Karen Marie R
      June 30, 2011

    Is it ok to take oral contraceptive pills even if I have myoma?
    I don’t have my regular period since I stopped taking pills,as I undergo trans vaginal ultrasound it was found out that I have a 2.1 cm of myoma..

    • EmpressP-Stop Flaggin me 4 truth
        June 30, 2011

      ask your gyno girl!!! thats a hard one.

  3. bobextreme
      June 30, 2011

    Does a person with myoma can still get pregnant? Will the person’s capacity to bear a child will be affected?
    My friend has a normal uterus size but was diagnosed with a large (1.2 cm) myoma (intramural to subserousal). What is the best treatment she could get for this case so pregnancy will not be a problem?

  4. yew_fadgott
      June 30, 2011

    How can I get rid of my myoma?
    I just learned that I have myoma and I wanted to get rid of it but it may cause me not bearing a child, what shoud I do?

    • Mihail
        June 30, 2011

      you cant

  5. yew_fadgott
      June 30, 2011

    I have a myoma and I want to get pregnant. What should I do?
    My husband and I kept trying for me to get pregnant but still I am not pregnant. What I should do?

    • Leigh
        June 30, 2011

      Have you discussed with your doctor about having it shrunk or removed? There’s not enough research to say if women with fibroids are less likely to get pregnant than women who don’t have them. But most women who have fibroids have no trouble getting pregnant. It usually depends on the size, location and type of fibroid, but keep trying and consult your doc!

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